The Hanging Gardens of Babylon spoke highly of their remarkable design and they were thought to be one of the outstanding architects in ancient times. The gardens were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. They do not however exist anymore. In this article we are going to discuss all about Hanging Gardens of Babylon. It was built around 600 BC by the King Nebuchadnezzar II for his wife, Amytis. Archaeologists haven’t been able to find any concrete evidence in respect to the real existence of gardens. However, if they did exist, the Gardens of Babylon would likely occur in Hillah, Babil, Iraq. You might like to read many more interesting facts about the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon Facts
Who Built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon?
- The Hanging Gardens of Babylon might have possibly built by Nebuchadnezzar II to honor his wife, Queen Amytis.
- The Nebuchadnezzar’s wife would miss all the green valleys and hills in her homeland so her husband decided to build for one for herself.
- Nebuchadnezzar II also built a palace called The Marvel of the Palace for her wife.
Esarhaddon (680 – 669 BC) had repaired much of the Hanging Gardens and he recorded his work on formal inscriptions:
With the large cubit I measured the dimensions of imgur-Enlil, its great wall—each length and width was 30 cubits. I had it built just as formerly, and raised its top like a mountain. I built it perfectly, and filled it with splendor, for the wonder of all people.
What Does the Hanging Gardens of Babylon Look Like? – Description
- Nebuchadnezzar II built high walks on a palace. These high walks stood on straight towers which were mainly built of stones. On high walks, he planted quite many trees which could possibly be the reflection of hilly areas.
- The Nebuchadnezzar had decorated the high walks with pensile paradise plants. He wanted to give his palace the look of a mountainous area which was all abundant in trees. He did all to impress his wife.
- The square-shaped Hanging Gardens had a gallery that measured 50 cubits in height.
- The thickness of the walls was 22 feet. They were made of bricks.
- It had foundations which appeared cubical in shape.
- They used stone columns to support the entire structure of the Gardens.
- The base of the gardens was so deep that it could provide root growth for big trees.
- The Nebuchadnezzar had watered the garden from Euphrates which occurred next to it.
Hanging Gardens Nineveh
- Sennacherib was a Mesopotamian king one who built hanging gardens t Nineveh. These gardens occurred located in the middle of the lush green landscape. The gardens were properly watered that demonstrated one of the best engineering feats in ancient times.
- Sennacherib had used mammoth-sized limestone blocks—in order to defend floodwater.
- The gardens had several different trees of fruits such as pines, rosewood, oak, junipers, cypresses, ash, fig, grapes, ebony, date trees, tamarisk, terebinth, quince, pomegranate, olive, almond trees, and pear.
- The Hanging Gardens at Nineveh were too big that they needed proper and advanced irrigation system. The King ordered to construct a 50-km-long canal that ran into the mountains.
- King Sennacherib had also used 2,000,000 dressed stones, waterproof cement, and stone arches. The king had probably used the best technology in those times.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon Construction
- The construction of the Hanging Gardens was probably the biggest of the challenges for builders to get the water to the top so that it doesn’t run into its foundations.
- It was pretty hard to get the stones on Mesopotamian plain and so they used more bricks than stones.
- The bricks were made of clay. The clay indeed was a mixture of chopped straw.
- They would then join the bricks with mortar—a cement-like substance.
- According to a Greek historian Diodorus Siculus, the base of the garden was made of huge slabs, tiles, asphalt, and reed. These big slabs were not commonly used in the construction of other Babel buildings.
How Big were Hanging Gardens of Babylon?
- Diodorous writes that the width of the gardens measured at 400 feet so does the length.
- The height of the gardens measured at 80 feet.
When were the Hanging Gardens of Babylon Built?
- The Hanging Gardens were built around 600 BC.
- According to historians, the garden was so big that it consumed around 8,200 gallons of water a day.
Why was the Hanging Gardens of Babylon Built?
- It was built by the King Nebuchadnezzar who ruled Babylon for about 43 years.
- The King built gardens for his wife so that she didn’t have to miss her homeland.
Where were the Hanging Gardens of Babylon Located?
- Dalley conducted a research to find out the precise location of gardens. He said that they were located some 350 miles north to the city of Nineveh.
- The Hanging Gardens are probably the only Wonders of the World the location of which isn’t identified.
How was the Hanging Gardens of Babylon Destroyed? – What Happened to the Hanging Gardens of Babylon?
- The gardens were probably destroyed by an earthquake that struck the city round 2nd century BC.