Mount Fuji is the highest peak in Japan measuring up to 3,776.24 meters above the sea level. It is found in Japanese Honshu Island. The Mount Fuji is essentially a volcanic mountain with the last volcanic eruption occurred as recent as in 1708. The mountain is at a distance of 60 miles from Tokyo. It can be seen from Tokyo especially on a bright sunny day. The top of the Mount Fuji is all covered with snow. The snow-cap remains prominent for as long as 5 months in a year. It’s time to read some of the most interesting and amazing Mount Fuji facts for kids to know all about Mount Fuji.
Mount Fuji Facts for Kids
Mount Fuji History
- Mount Fuji has long attracted Japanese artists, poets and literature precisely due to its religious significance in Japan. The mountain especially gained its popularity after 1600 when Tokyo became the capital since Mt Fuji is located near Tokyo.
- It has been respected as the sacred object in Japan. The Mount Fuji is one of the Three Holy Mountains. The other two mountains are Mount Haku and Mount Tate.
- According to historians, one of the monks named En no Odzunu did climb up the Mount Fuji in 663.
- People of Japan consider Mount Fuji as a sacred peak. It was long forbidden for women to climb until in 1860s when Meiji Era lifted off the ban.
- The base of the mountain was often used by ancient samurai for training purposes.
- The age of the Mt Fuji rocks is estimated at 100,000 years.
- There is a Taiseki-ji temple that lies at the slopes of Mt Fuji. It was discovered in 1290. The temple was thought to be the central base for Nichiren Shoshu Buddhism. Today thousands of foreigners visit the temple each year.
- Sir Rutherford Alcock was the first foreign climber who successfully reached the top of Mount Fuji in September 1868.
- In 1869, Felix Beato, a photographer had also climbed the mountain.
- In 1869, Lady Fanny Parkes had become the world’s first foreign women to ascend Mt Fuji. Lady Fanny was a British woman. She was the wife of Sir Harry Parkes.
- On March 5, 1966 a Boeing 707 had crashed near the Mount Fuji. The plane flew from the Tokyo International Airport.
- Mount Fuji is now the center of attraction for visitors let alone climbers around the world. People who visit Tokyo, are most likely to get somewhere near to the Mount Fuji. According to Japanese, every wise man must get to the Mount Fuji once in a life but only fool would ascend twice.
- In 2004, the only weathered station at the summit was shut down after a span of 72 years. The station could measure rains and typhoons at the summit. Currently, an advanced automated meteorological system is installed at an altitude of 3,780 meters (12,402 feet). It is the only weathered station to be found at such a height.
- Mount Fuji was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List on June 22, 2013.
Mount Fuji Geography
- The height of the Mount Fuji is about 3,776.24 meters (12,389 feet).
- Mt Fuji stands 35th highest mountain in the world.
- The base of the volcano is measured up to 78 miles (125 km) in circumference. It has a diameter of about 25 – 30 miles.
- There is a 1,600 feet (500 meters) long crater in the Mt Fuji summit. The depth of the crater is about 820 feet (250 meters).
- The tallest Japanese mountain stands in the central Honshu near the Pacific coast. It is situated west of Tokyo. The mountain also touches the borders of Yamanashi and Shizouka.
- There are four Japanese cities that are located around the Mount Fuji. These cities include Fujinomiya, Fuji, Gotemba, and Fujiyoshida.
- Mount Fuji is surrounded by five Japanese lakes including Lake Sai, Lake Shoji, Lake Kawaguchi, Lake Yamanaka, and Lake Motosu,
- The Mt Fuji occurs in the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. The Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park is probably the biggest attraction site for the Japanese. The national park also includes islands and lakes from where you can view Mount Fuji. It is 300 kilometers (186 miles) long.
- You can also view the mountain from Tokyo and Yokohama but then you’ll have to use binoculars.
- During winter, Mount Fuji can be viewed from Shinkansen.
How High is Mount Fuji in Feet?
- Mt Fuji is about 12,389 feet in height.
Mount Fuji Climate
- The weather at the top of Mount Fuji is extremely low. It has a tundra climate.
- Mount Fuji’s lowest temperature recorded at −0 °C (−36.4 °F) in February 1981.
- The highest temperature recorded in August 1942 measuring up to 17.8 °C (64.0 °F).
- The cap of the Mount Fuji is all covered with snow nearly half a year.
Mount Fuji Geology
- There are three tectonic plates that spread from the point where the Mount Fuji stands.
- Three plates include Amurian Plant, Philippine Sea Plate, and Okhotsk Plate.
- The volcanic activity at Mount Fuji is primarily divided into three different phases including Sen-komitake, Komitake Fuji, and New
- The Sen-komitake is made up of andesite core. It lies inside the core area of the mountain.
- Scientists believe that the Komitake Fuji phase had formed as early as 100,000 years ago.
- The New Fuji is thought to emerge around 10,000 years ago.
- Although the Mount Fuji volcano is quite active but it is least likely to erupt.
- The last of the eruption took place on December 16, 1707 and it lasted 15 days. The volcano erupted in the Edo period.
Mount Fuji Age
- The Mt Fuji volcano had started to form around 280 BCE due to an earthquake.
- While scientists aren’t really sure about the Mount Fuji age, it appeared to be 2.6 million years old.
- Mount Fuji stands on a base which is probably 65 million years ago.
Mount Fuji Forest
- There is a dense forest Aokigahara which is located at the northwest base of Mount Fuji. Aokigahara is all dominated by trees so much so that the Japanese call it the Sea of Trees.
- According to Japanese legends, ghosts or demons inhabit the forest.
- Not only is the Mount Fuji quite infamous for ghosts, it is the second most popular suicide location after Golden Gate Bridge.
- Over the last 67 years, about 500 people died in Aokigahara and most of them committed suicides.
- Each year, around 30 people commits suicide in the forest. The highest number of suicides occurred in 2012 when 80 dead bodies were recovered.
How to Get to the Mount Fuji?
- You can get to the Mt.Fuji Shizouka Airport which is probably the closest airport to the mountain. It’s a relatively new airport.
- Fuji Shizouka Airport is 50 miles away from Mount Fuji.
- You can also land other international airports such as the Narita International Airport (Chiba) and Tokyo International Airport (Haneda Airport).
Mount Fuji Climbing Routes
- The Mount Fuji has four main routes to the summit. These routes are Yoshida, Subashiri, Fujinomiya, and Gotemba.
- The Fujinomiya is the highest route.
- Some other Mt Fuji routes are Murayama, Shojika, Yoshida, and Suyama routes.
- The most famous route is Yoshida route.
- Climbers are least likely to use Gotemba and Subashiri routes for ascent as their trails are all covered with ashes. They will descend through these routes.
- The oldest of the Mt Fuji routes is Murayama.
For More Information you might like to visit the official website of Mt. Fuji Climbing.
What Months Can You Climb Mount Fuji?
- The year-2009 was the biggest season for Mount Fuji climbers in that more than 300,000 people climbed the mountain.
- The ideal months for climbing Mt. Fuji are July to August.
- Climbers can also use buses that run on trails. Buses start operating on July 1 each year.
- The worst months for climbing Mt. Fuji are October to May. In the past many people died climbing Mount Fuji during these months.
- Most climbers much less Japanese climbers fancy climbing at night because at night the snow doesn’t melt and so climbers feel comfortable walking on it. The trail surface becomes less slippery at night.
What is the Closest City to Mt Fuji?
- Tokyo is the closest city to Mount Fuji and it is situated west of the mountain. However, it also includes Yamanashi and Shizouka Prefectures.
Is Mt Fuji Still an Active Volcano?
- Yes, the Mt Fuji volcano is still active according to scientists but chances of eruption are extremely low. It’s been more than 300 years since its last eruption in Edo period.
- The eruption in 1707 is called great Hoei eruption.
How Many Times Did Mt Fuji Erupt?
- Scientists suggest that the Mount Fuji has been erupted as many as 16 times in the past.
- Since 781, sixteen eruptions occurred in Mount Fuji.
- Most eruptions took place during the Heian era. The volcano was erupted 12 times between 800 and 1083.
- However, there were no eruptions between 1083 and 1511. This implies that the volcano became inactive for as long as 400 years. The last of the eruptions occurred 300 years ago so the next eruption is most likely to occur in the coming 100 years or so.
When was the First Time has Mt Fuji Erupted?
- Study suggests that the first eruption occurred as early as in 700,000 years ago when the Komitake volcano had become active.
Is Mt Fuji the Highest Mountain in the World?
- Mount Fuji is the highest mountain in Japan, the highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest.