The Shawnee Tribe or the Shawnee Indian Tribe is one of the recognized North American tribes mainly found in Oklahoma. There are three tribes living in Oklahoma. The other two tribes are Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma and the Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma. The Shawnee Tribe is also called Loyal Shawnee. Shawnees are Eastern Woodland tribes who had once sustained in sizable numbers in 1793. White Americans pushed Eastern Shawnee tribes to the west of Texas and Old Mexico in 1803. They were then limited to the southern Oklahoma. You’d probably like to read many more interesting Shawnee Tribe facts for kids to know all about Shawnee Tribe.
Shawnee Tribe Facts for Kids
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma History
- The Shawnee Tribe is essentially an Eastern Woodland The tribe had migrated from Pennsylvania and Ohio when they were pushed by the white Americans,
- The Shawnee Tribe is believed to be the most recent tribe to abandon their native homelands.
- In 1803, the white European-Americans had started occupying Shawnee lands in the East and eventually turning out to be Absentee Shawnee Tribe.
- An isolated population had also moved to Missouri as a result of encroachment.
- In 1817, the Treaty of Fort Meigs passed in Ohio according to which the Shawnee tribe was going to get three reservations including Hog Creek, Lewistown, and Wapakoneta.
- In 1830, the Indian Removal Act was passed—forcing Shawnee tribe to leave for the Indian Territory in July 1831.
- The Shawnee tribe had begun to settle in Kansas in August 1831.
- The tribe fought valiantly in Civil War in favor of the Union; however, all they got in return was another name Loyal Shawnee. Years later, the Shawnee Tribe was forced to live on Kansas lands.
- The U.S. government had allocated 130,000 acres (530 km2) of land for the tribe. The Shawnee people are allowed to use 70,000 acres of land out of which 20,000 acres would be for Absentee Shawnee.
- In 1861, White Americans demanded that the Indian tribes should be eliminated from the state since Kansas had now gained the official status of a State.
- The people of Shawnee had entered into an agreement with the Cherokee Nation in 1869 according to which 722 Shawnee individuals were to be awarded Cherokee land.
- Currently, the ‘Loyal Shawnee’ are living in Oklahoma and Craig. These people are also called Cherokee Shawnee.
- In Kansas, some of the Shawnee families are still living on their native lands.
- The people of Shawnee Tribe had done their best to gain legal status in U.S. until in the year 2000 when finally their efforts paid off. The U.S. congress passed Public Law 106 – 568, the Shawnee Tribe Status Act of 2000.
- The Shawnee Tribe Act 200 says that the tribe can practice their customs while living independently. As of now, the Shawnee Tribe is a federally recognized tribe.
Absentee Shawnee Tribe History
- The Absentee Shawnee had moved into Mexico from United States. They live in Missouri.
- They didn’t seem to be interested in allying with Cherokee in 1839 Cherokee War. The Absentee Shawnee had remained neutral.
- Since they didn’t take part in the War, they were rewarded by Mirabeau Lamar, a Texan president. The president didn’t only give them back their lands; he also compensated the Absentee Shawnee for the loss of crops.
- In 1821, the state of Missouri had decided to join Union. As it turned out, as many as 1,400 Shawnee were forced to migrate to southeastern Kansas.
- In 1833, the Black Bob’s band preferred to stay in the northeastern Kansas.
- The large number of Shawnee inspired by Black Hoof, a head civil chief, who was determined to help them in taking back their lost lands. However, on the death of Black Hoof, about 400 Shawnee had to sacrifice their lands as they eventually moved to Kansas.
- In 1853, the U.S. Congress approved the budget of $64,366 for Shawnee tribe so that they may get education and other annuities.
- After the end of Civil War, the Shawnee in Kansas had migrated to northeastern Oklahoma.
- Those living in Kansas and took Union’s side were named as ‘Loyal Shawnee’.
- Both Loyal Shawnee and Cherokee Shawnee were finally recognized by the Federal government of the U.S. in 2000. Currently, most of the Shawnee tribes are found in Oklahoma.
Absentee Shawnee Tribe Government
- Even today, the Absentee Shawnee tribe enjoys many governmental powers which they had before the European-Americans had first arrived.
- They have their own way of levying taxes, administration of justice, and domestic relations.
- They have their Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary, Treasurer, and Representative.
Shawnee Tribe Population
- The total population of Shawnee Tribe consists of 2,226 individuals.
- The Shawnee Indians’ biggest population is found in Oklahoma.
- They are highly hospitable in that they will serve just about anyone including the white Europeans. If someone shows up and they will offer them the best accommodation and say ‘Itah’ means good to see you.
- People of Shawnee will not have in their hearts any kind of resentments or any enmity.
Shawnee Tribe Government
- Today there are total 2,226 Shawnee Tribe members enrolled in the Shawnee Headquarters which are located in Miami, Oklahoma.
- Almost half of the population that is 1,070 members is found in Oklahoma.
- The elected chairman for Shawnee Tribe is Ron Sparkman. He has been elected for 4-year term.
Shawnee Tribe Religion
- While the people of Shawnee tribe do not seem to insist on religious beliefs, they do however have a firm faith in God. They know there is a great king who created them.
- Shawnee tribe practice types of worships: Cantico and Sacrifice.
- In Sacrifice, Shawnee people will sacrifice their first fruits. They will collect fruits in a large buck to throw it into the fire.
- In Cantico, they dance, shout, and move around. One of them usually sings while the other one drums.
Role of Shawnee Tribes in an American Revolution
- During American Revolution in 1776, Shawnee tribes appeared to have divided opinions. While most tribes went against the American agitation, a few preferred to remain neutral.
- Many Shawnee tribes particularly those living in Ohio didn’t really like the Americans encroachment of Kentucky. As a matter of fact, many tribes sided with British to go rebel against Americans.
- Prominent among the rebel Indian chiefs were Blue Jacket, Chief Blackfish, Cherokee people band, Chickamauga Creek, and Dragging Canoe.
Shawnee Tribe Clothing – What Did the Shawnee Tribe Wear?
- The Shawnee tribe used to make their clothing with fur or animal skins. That is why they were against the use of fur in making brandy or rum.
- Shawnee women would wear skirts along with leggings.
- Men and women used to wear ponchos in winter.
Shawnee Tribe Food
- In the past when Shawnee Tribes used to live in large numbers, their women would plant beans, corns, crops, potatoes, and squash.
- They will only eat in morning and in evening. The tables and seats of the Shawnee people are the ground.
Eastern Shawnee Tribe Flag
Shawnee Indian Artifacts
Shawnee Chief Tecumseh
- Tecumseh was a brave and resilient Shawnee leader who declared war against the American invasion of North American lands in the 19th
- The war was later called as Tecumseh’s War. Just to let you know that Tecumseh wasn’t part of the Indians who signed the Treaty of Greenville to end the war.
- On September 30, 1809, the Treaty of Fort Wayne was signed by the Indian tribes to sell the 3,000,000 acres of United States land.
- Tecumseh didn’t like the Treaty at all. He became angry at the agreement. Tecumseh believed that the American lands didn’t belong to a handful of people so they could sell it. He was a follower of his brother, The Prophet who always seemed to believe that the Indian tribes must return to their ancestral ways.
- In August 1810, Tecumseh didn’t only threaten to kill his chief who signed the Treaty—he also demanded to repeal the Treaty. He prepared an army of 400 Indians. Harrison, the governor refused to fulfil his demand.
- Finally on November 6, 1811 Harrison assembled his army of 1,000 armed men to fight against Tecumseh in Prophetstown, Indiana. Harrison’s army was attacked the next morning but he managed to resist American Indians. In fact Harrison’s men burnt down the village and went back. Tecumseh lost the war.
Shawnee Tribe Location – Where Did the Shawnee Tribe Live?
- In 1714, the Shawnee tribe had lived in large numbers in central Pennsylvania. They were also represented in the provincial council by Craondawana and his wife. They didn’t have a chief then.
- In 1730 when European-American arrived, Shawnee tribe had occupied much of the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia.
- In 1730s they had some conflicts with white Americans. Some of the tribes were against the sale of alcohol in their communities. Shawnee didn’t like the fact that European traders use fur for brandy.
- Before 1754, Shawnee tribe had quite many villages including in Moorefield West Virginia, Ohio country, Cumberland, Maryland, and Cross Junction, Virginia.
What Did the Shawnee Tribe Eat? – Shawnee Tribe Diet
- The Shawnee tribe eats Indian corns and mazie which are mostly boiled in water. Sometimes however corns are roasted in the ashes. The boiled water corns are called ‘Hominy’.
- They will also make beans, cakes, and peas.
Shawnee Tribe Map
Shawnee Tribe Language – What Language Did the Shawnee Tribe Speak?
- The Shawnee Tribe speaks an Algonquian language. The tribesmen living in North America are thought to speak Algonquian language. In the past, when their population was much greater they would speak the same language.
- The Algonquian language isn’t only admirable, it’s narrow just like Hebrew. The Algonquian language is written in short-hand in that it has one word for three or four words. Some of the examples are Oc-to-co-chan, Po-ques-can, and Orie-ton.
- Of you ask them for something they can’t give they would say ‘Mettah-ne-hattah’ means I have not.
Shawnee Tribe Ceremonies & Celebrations
- The people of Shawnee tribe have got quite many but unique dancing styles. During fall, they will celebrate two main festivals. The corn grows in fall and so they feast one another.
- One of their celebrations is that they just sit under some shady trees with a lot of cake-bucks, beans, wheat, and corns. They make all these foods in the ashes and they are placed in square form. As the food is cooked in front of them, they will dance to celebrate.
Shawnee Tribe Map
Shawnee Tribe Culture, Traditions, & Marriages
- People of Shawnee tribe wash their children right after they are born. When a child becomes younger, the elder family members push them into cold water in winter so that they turn up stronger.
- The Shawnee children wear only a small cloth which they wrap around their waists.
- When their boys reach 15 years age, they ripe for the woods. At this age young Shawnee boys will also start hunting.
- A young man must hunt successfully and bring at least one hunted-skin that’ll prove that he has become a man. If they can’t bring a skin they may not get married. It’s a kind of shame for a man. Boys get married at the age of 17 or 18 years. These are the traditions of Shawnee boys.
- As for girls they will likely stay with their mothers. They will help their mother in planting, hoe the ground, and do just about any inside job. In a Shawnee tribe, girls are servants to their husbands and their husbands are equally good to them.
- In a tribe, girls get married at the age of 13 or 14 years. When a girl is mature enough for marriage she’ll probably wear something on her head to show her intent. They can, if they want, to show their faces. Normally girls’ faces are hardly seen.
- During mourning, they will blacken their faces. The mourn may continue for as long as 360 days.
Shawnee Tribe Houses
- The people of Shawnee tribe build little houses which are nearly the size of a grown-up man.
- The floor of the house likely consists of grass and reeds,
- Shawnee tribe’s houses are made up of bark of trees and they are set on poles.
Shawnee Chief or King
- The Shawnee King leads the tribe and he’s probably the most respected person of all.
- The King sits in a council which comprises as many as 200 members.
- The wisest men of the tribe who are older become the part of the king’s council.
- No individual in the Shawnee tribe is required to deal anything on his own. They must consult the council in all matters. These matters are related to war or peace, land ownership or selling.
- While in the council the king’s seat is in the middle of the half moon.